Toronto, ON – University of Toronto and MIT researchers have discovered important differences between lower and higher-income children in their ability to use “working memory,” a key brain function responsible for everything from remembering a phone number to doing math in your head. Using functional MRI (fMRI) to measure and map the brain activity of a group of middle-schoolers, the researchers – working in collaboration with Harvard University – were able to physically document that the lower-income students tested had less working memory capacity than their higher-income peers. The results of their study were published today in Developmental Science. “It’s never been shown before that lower-income children have this qualitatively different brain response for this very basic ability that is essential to almost all cognition,” says the study’s lead researcher, Amy Finn of U of T’s Department of Psychology. Finn said researchers went a step further and also demonstrated these differences in working memory had an impact on academic measures of achievement – in this case a standards-based math test – collected from the schools of the students who were examined. The researchers say it is a major step toward understanding the neuroscience of the income-achievement gap, and although by no means a complete explanation, is also significant because it links brain functions to academic test scores. “We knew that there were differences in the neural structure of children from lower-income versus higher-income families, but we didn’t know if that really mattered for solving problems,” says Finn. “Now that we’ve shown this, we might be doing something which is important along the way to helping lower-income students succeed.” All 67 students tested for the study were enrolled in either the eighth or seventh grades in schools in the Boston area and recruited through advertisements and after-school programs. They were also ethnically diverse, and with a roughly equal number of boys and girls. In the study, researchers focused on regions of the brain, such as the prefrontal cortex, which are important for high-level functions. They observed that the high-income students largely kept this region of the brain in reserve until the tasks began to get more difficult, but the lower-income children relied on it more often and to a greater extent than higher-income children, even for relatively simple problems. That suggests there is a difference in how lower-income children to tap into their working memory – which is how the brain organizes and holds information in mind that it can’t immediately see, says Finn. Finn says she’s concerned people will interpret the data to conclude that these physical differences between the brains of lower-income and higher-income children are somehow hard-wired. Nothing could be further from the truth, she says. “The brain is a very plastic organ, and all of this can be changed with the right kind of training and better opportunities,” says Finn. “Just because we’re observing this in the brain, doesn’t mean it is set in stone.” Finn says some of the differences had probably never been observed before because of another kind of gap – an inherent bias in the income level of the populations researchers normally test. Most cognitive neural science is conducted on people who are from middle and upper- middle class backgrounds because it’s less expensive to study populations near the university than to reach out to lower-income communities, says Finn. While the study didn’t measure environmental factors, lower-income status is also related to such things as more chronic stress, Finn notes. “No matter the reason, it doesn’t change the fact that their working memory is qualitatively different.” - 30 - MEDIA CONTACTS: Amy Finn Department of Psychology University of Toronto finn@psych.utoronto.ca 416-978-3904 Larysa Woloszansky Media Relations Officer University of Toronto larysa.woloszansky@utoronto.ca 416-978-6974 Sean Bettam Communications, Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto s.bettam@utoronto.ca 416-946-7950

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

Toronto, ON - Inspired by the plight of Syrian refugees, and by the ongoing displacement of peoples in Toronto and abroad,  ART x BISSELL, in partnership with SKETCH and The Remix Project, is pleased to present Common Ground, the 2nd annual contemporary art exhibition at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Information (iSchool). Curated by Master of Museum Studies students Madeleine Adamson, Annissa Malvoisin and Camille-Mary Sharp, Common Ground: ART x BISSELL 2016 explores topics as diverse as homelessness, gender and diaspora, drawing on the participating artists’ experiences of—and relationships with—displacement. The exhibition’s contemporary paintings, photography and one mural have been produced by 12 local emerging artists, many of whom are affiliated with community-engaged organizations The Remix Project and SKETCH (sketch.ca). Common Ground will also be featured as an open exhibition in the Scotiabank CONTACT Photography Festival that will run during the month of May 2016. EVENT DETAILS: WHAT: Opening reception for Common Ground: ART x BISSELL 2016, featuring two live music performances, a DJ, artist remarks, a live painting session by an artist, and a curatorial tour of the exhibition WHO: Rowell Soller and Samaa Ahmed, two youth from SKETCH will be at the launch (artists in the show as well as our muralists), along with other artists; and co-curators Madeleine Adamson, Annissa Malvoisin and Camille-Mary Sharp WHERE: Claude T. Bissell Building, Room 728, 140 St. George Street, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto WHEN: Thursday, April 7 at 6 p.m. (until 9 pm) ADMISSION: Free - 30 - For more information, please contact: Madeleine Adamson, Annissa Malvoisin and Camille-Mary Sharp Faculty of Information Tel: 647-779-4238 ischool.art@gmail.com

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

Toronto, ON – The only copy in Canada of arguably the most important book ever produced in the English language, Mr. William Shakespeares comedies, histories, & tragedies: published according to the true originall copies, better known as the First Folio, is just one of many rare print gems currently on exhibit at the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library. The free exhibition ‘So Long Lives This’: Celebrating Shakespeare, 1616-2016 was officially launched Feb. 1, 2016, at the Fisher Library. Shakespeare, the son of a glove maker from Stratford-upon-Avon who became one of the greatest writers in the English language and the world’s pre-eminent dramatist. With almost 60 books on display – chronologically, running from a 1548 printing of Giovanni Boccaccio’s Il Decamerone, continuing with the four celebrated 17th-century Folios, and ending with the sumptuous fine press Play of Pericles (2009-2010) from British Columbia’s Barbarian Press – the exhibition, which marks the 400th anniversary of the Bard’s death, explores how Shakespeare’s works shaped ideas of the world beyond England, and how the production of atlases, dictionaries, and histories influenced Shakespeare’s world-making art. “This exhibition provides a narrative, one that moves from early printing, through to the justifiably famous 17th-century Folios, and then into the later printing of Shakespeare’s work, including books from this century,” says Scott Schofield, the lead curator of the exhibition. “What makes this exhibition unique is that it shines a spotlight on the incredible collection of Shakespeare, and materials at the Fisher,” adds Schofield, an Assistant Professor of English at Western University. “Not just the Folios, but also the research materials Shakespeare might have used, the books that would have been on his desk, through to beautiful book craft versions of Shakespeare.” The exhibition is curated by four leading Canadian academics: joining Schofield are Peter W.M. Blayney, Alan Galey and Marjorie Rubright, all of the University of Toronto. The star attraction will undoubtedly be the 1623 First Folio, which was donated by Sidney Fisher to the Fisher Library in 1973, along with the other three folios as part of his extensive Shakespeare collection. Only 232 copies of this cultural treasure remain in the world today, and the volume held by the Fisher is the only Canadian-held copy. The importance of the First Folio cannot be overstated, says Anne Dondertman, Director of the Fisher Library. “Without it, we would not have some of the most vital and seminal works in the English language, including Macbeth, Julius Caesar, As You like It, Twelfth Night, and The Tempest,” she says. “Shakespeare was an actor as well as a playwright and he wrote his plays to be performed. Yet it is the plays in their written form that have largely shaped our understanding of Shakespeare the man and the writer, so we’re excited that the general public will be able to view these vital volumes.” The exhibition runs until May 28, 2016. There is no admission fee and there is a free self-guided audio tour available for download to a mobile device. A video narrated by Schofield on the exhibition’s genesis and its themes can be viewed via the Fisher’s YouTube channel: https://youtu.be/pl13_TZ47Jc. The Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library houses the Department of Rare Books and Special Collections of the University of Toronto, including books, manuscripts and other materials, and is the largest rare book library in the country. The University of Toronto Libraries system is the largest academic library in Canada and is ranked third among peer institutions in North America, behind just Harvard and Yale. The system consists of 44 libraries located on three university campuses: St. George, Mississauga, and Scarborough. - 30 - For more information, please contact: Anne Dondertman, Director, Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library Tel: 416- 978-5332 anne.dondertman@utoronto.ca  

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

Toronto, ON - Librarians at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Music Library have discovered Norwegian composer Johan Halvorsen’s violin concerto that was believed lost for over a century. Violinist Henning Kraggerud will perform the 21st-century premiere of the concerto under the direction of Bjarte Engeset in Stavenger, Norway in July 2016 as part of the International Musicological Society's annual conference. Halvorsen (1864-1935) dedicated his violin concerto to the world-renowned Canadian violinist Kathleen Parlow (1890-1963). Parlow gave its first performance on August 14, 1909 in Scheveningen, Holland. Later that year, she gave two more performances of the concerto with the Nationaltheatret Orchestra in Oslo (then Christiania) under the baton of the composer himself. It is believed that there have been no further performances of the concerto since. Following her successful career as a soloist, Parlow continued her involvement with the violin as a teacher and chamber musician. She lived in Toronto from 1941 to the end of her life in 1963. Throughout this period, she was involved in the chamber music scene of the city and taught many distinguished Canadian violinists. Parlow's papers, including her correspondences, photographs and music scores, were donated to the Faculty of Music Library but the Halvorsen violin concerto was separated from the rest of the collection and housed in the library’s performance collection. “We are delighted that the Halvorsen violin concerto has been found,” says Acting Head Librarian Suzanne Meyers Sawa. "We are so happy to be a part of the restoration of this work to the repertoire, and we look forward to participating in the symposium next summer where we will hear the piece performed for the first time in more than a century!" The University of Toronto Faculty of Music Library holds the largest music research collection in Canada and is part of the University of Toronto Libraries system, the largest academic library in Canada which is ranked third among peer institutions in North America. The Music Library holdings include over 300,000 books, scores and periodicals; nearly 200,000 sound recordings ranging from wax cylinder to blu-ray; extensive archival collections documenting the creative activities of composers and music clubs associated with the university and the city; and access to millions of electronic resources in various formats. Download photos of the manuscript and letters from Dropbox. Photo credit: Jessica Lewis.

-30-

For more information, please contact Jessica Lewis, Marketing and Publicity Officer, at publicity.music@utoronto.ca or 416-978-0491.  

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO , ON - A new University of Toronto study may force scientists to rethink what is behind the mass extinction of amphibians occurring worldwide in the face of climate change, disease and habitat loss. The old cliché “size matters” is in fact the gist of the findings by graduate student Stephen De Lisle and Professor Locke Rowe of U of T’s Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology in a paper published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B. By examining research on global patterns of amphibian diversification over hundreds of millions of years, De Lisle and Rowe discovered that “sexually dimorphic” species – those in which males and females differ in size, for example – are at lower risk of extinction and better able to adapt to diverse environments. Their work suggests the ability of males and females in sexually dimorphic amphibian species to independently evolve different traits – such as size – helps them survive extinction threats that kill off others, says De Lisle. He says classic ecological theory would not have predicted that about amphibians, a class of vertebrates that includes frogs, toads, salamanders, newts and caecilians. The conventional school of thought believes different-sized sexes of the same species take up more resources and are less able to adapt and diversify than species where ecologically relevant traits like size are basically the same between males and females. “I think if our results bear on mass extinction at all, it suggests we maybe should start looking more closely at the traits of some of the species that are going extinct,” says De Lisle. “Scientists might start thinking in a new way about how other traits, like sex differences in habitat use or diet, might play a role.” While peacock feathers or deer antlers are understood to help males of those species successfully mate, less is understood about amphibians, which are being wiped out so fast many are going extinct before scientists can identify them. Some estimate between 30 and 40 per cent of the world’s approximately 7,000 species of amphibians are currently in danger of extinction – more than any other animals on earth – and their decline is a critical threat to global biodiversity. Many scientists believe amphibians serve as "canaries in a coal mine," and declines in their populations indicate other groups of animals and plants will soon be at risk. Amphibians are not only an important part of the food chain and biodiversity. Some have chemicals in their skins that can be developed into medicines to fight diseases such as cancer and perhaps even AIDS. Because their skins are highly permeable and they have a two-staged life cycle that starts in water and then moves to land, amphibians may be more susceptible to temperature changes, water and air pollution than other animals. The new study by De Lisle and Rowe adds another piece to the puzzle about why some species are doing well while others are in decline or disappearing. For example, both the golden toad and the harlequin frog of Costa Rica’s Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve disappeared completely in the late 1980s despite living in what was considered a pristine habitat. “Our work suggests we still maybe don’t have the best understanding of what traits might be influencing these extinctions, although now we have the understanding that sexual dimorphism is an important trait,” says De Lisle.

-30-

MEDIA CONTACTS: Steven De Lisle Ecology & Evolutionary Biology University of Toronto s.delisle@utoronto.ca 804-832-2760 Kim Luke Communications, Arts & Science University of Toronto Kim.luke@utoronto.ca 416-978-4352  

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON — A landmark study on gender equality among religious minorities in Canada sharply disputes the stereotype Muslim women are more repressed by men than other groups of immigrants. Sharia law, burqas, honour killings and overseas terrorism directed at girls and women grab headlines and shape public opinion, but workforce participation rates among immigrants suggests a trend toward high levels of equality for Muslim females living in Canada. The study is not only timely but unique because of its sheer scope and detail, said Jeff Reitz, the University of Toronto sociology professor who took the lead in a paper co-authored with Rupa Banerjee and Mai Phan, based on Canadian census data. “There is no other study in any country based on a data sample this size,” Reitz said. “Gender equity in Canada’s newly growing religious minorities” is published online in the journal Ethnic and Racial Studies and due out in print this year. “Three million cases is a lot of people to have data from when you consider normal public opinion polls are 1,200 or 1,500 people.” Reitz said the study’s findings should dispel misperceptions about female subservience restricting Muslim women in Canada to roles in the home. While recent Muslim immigrants demonstrate more gender inequality than some groups, the data for others under far less public scrutiny such as Hindus and Sikhs are not much different. National culture in the country of origin makes a bigger difference than religion itself. For example, gender inequality is greater for Muslim immigrants from Pakistan than from the Middle East or Europe, regardless of individual strength of religious commitment. Similar patterns of difference by country of origin are found among Christian immigrants. “Most tellingly, second-generation Muslim women in Canada are just as active in the workforce as other groups,” said Reitz. Work force participation rates for women compared to men have long been viewed as a prime indication of the extent of gender equality in the Canadian population. It made sense to use the same measurement to examine attitudes about gender among immigrant populations, said Reitz. He had another motive as well. “Exhaustive data in a peer-viewed study is important for satisfying academics and other researchers, but the larger point is to reach the wider public and dispel some harmful myths. “The idea that Muslims hold values that make it difficult for them to integrate into Canadian society is misguided,” said Reitz. “It also suggests how international politics can affect our attitudes toward immigrants.” Reitz used data from the 2001 census and the 2002 Ethnic Diversity Survey because the 2006 census did not include a question about religion and the 2011 census was replaced by a household survey with a much lower response rate. The public version of the 2011 survey is not yet available. In that sense, the data from the 2001 census is the most recent available, said Reitz, and the trends suggest it likely would hold true even if newer stats were available.

-30-

For more information, please contact: Jessica Lewis Communications Assistant University of Toronto, Faculty of Arts & Science 416-978-8887 jessica.lewis@utoronto.ca Jeffrey Reitz Professor of Sociology, and R.F. Harney Professor of Ethnic Immigration and Pluralism Studies Munk School of Global Affairs Office: 416-946-8993 Cell: 416-319-0363 jeffrey.reitz@utoronto.ca  

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON - Eleven U of T researchers have been selected as recipients of the Canada Foundation for Innovation’s John R. Evans Leaders funds totalling $1,873,485. The John R. Evans Leaders Fund was established to assist institutions in attracting and retaining talented researchers. Candidates for funding must be either recognized leaders or have demonstrated the potential for excellence in their field of research who are engaged in or embarking upon original, internationally competitive and high quality research or technology development. They must also be a current faculty member with a full-time academic position. U of T researchers receiving John R. Evans Leaders funding are: Joyce Poon, Applied Science and Engineering – Integrated Quantum Photonics for Secure Communications Dirk Bernhardt-Walther, Psychology – Neural mechanisms of natural scene perception Amy Bilton, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering – Laboratory for Prototyping Energy and Water Systems Eric Diller, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering – Laboratory for Micro-Robotics Research Martin Krkosek, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology – Laboratory of Population Dynamics Angela Schoellig, Applied Science and Engineering – Indoor/Outdoor Testbed for Aerial and Ground Multi-Robot Research Martin Yaffe, Medical Biophysics – An Expanded Integrated Cancer Research Biomatrix Gisele Azimi, Materials Science and Engineering – Extraction, Processing, and Recycling of Strategic Materials Nicholas Mandrak, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology – Biodiversity and Conservation of Fishes Laboratory Elodie Passeport, Civil Engineering – Stable isotope facility for improved understanding of the fate and removal of emerging contaminants in water Joel Watts, Biochemistry – Infrastructure for Studying Self-Propagating Protein Aggregates “It is wonderful that so many of our researchers will benefit from the support of the Canada Foundation for Innovation through the John R. Evans Leaders Fund,” said Dr. Peter Lewis, interim vice-president of Research and Innovation at U of T. “We can’t wait to learn about the discoveries that will surely arise from the recipients’ research.”

-30-

Jenny Hall University of Toronto Senior Research Communications Officer 416-946-3643 jenny.hall@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON – Consider the relationship between an air traffic controller and a pilot. The pilot gets the passengers to their destination, but the air traffic controller decides when the plane can take off and when it must wait. The same relationship plays out at the cellular level in animals, including humans. A region of an animal’s genome – the controller – directs when a particular gene – the pilot – can perform its prescribed function. A new study by cell and systems biologists at the University of Toronto (U of T) investigating stem cells in mice shows, for the first time, an instance of such a relationship between the Sox2 gene which is critical for early development, and a region elsewhere on the genome that effectively regulates its activity. The discovery could mean a significant advance in the emerging field of human regenerative medicine, as the Sox2 gene is essential for maintaining embryonic stem cells that can develop into any cell type of a mature animal. “We studied how the Sox2 gene is turned on in mice, and found the region of the genome that is needed to turn the gene on in embryonic stem cells,” said Professor Jennifer Mitchell of U of T’s Department of Cell and Systems Biology, lead investigator of a study published in the December 15 issue of Genes & Development. “Like the gene itself, this region of the genome enables these stem cells to maintain their ability to become any type of cell, a property known as pluripotency. We named the region of the genome that we discovered the Sox2 control region, or SCR,” said Mitchell. Since the sequencing of the human genome was completed in 2003, researchers have been trying to figure out which parts of the genome made some people more likely to develop certain diseases. They have found that the answers are more often in the regions of the human genome that turn genes on and off. “If we want to understand how genes are turned on and off, we need to know where the sequences that perform this function are located in the genome,” said Mitchell. “The parts of the human genome linked to complex diseases such as heart disease, cancer and neurological disorders can often be far away from the genes they regulate, so it can be difficult to figure out which gene is being affected and ultimately causing the disease.” It was previously thought that regions much closer to the Sox2 gene were the ones that turned it on in embryonic stem cells. Mitchell and her colleagues eliminated this possibility when they deleted these nearby regions in the genome of mice and found there was no impact on the gene’s ability to be turned on in embryonic stem cells. “We then focused on the region we’ve since named the SCR as my work had shown that it can contact the Sox2 gene from its location 100,000 base pairs away,” said study lead author Harry Zhou, a former graduate student in Mitchell’s lab, now a student at U of T’s Faculty of Medicine. “To contact the gene, the DNA makes a loop that brings the SCR close to the gene itself only in embryonic stem cells. Once we had a good idea that this region could be acting on the Sox2 gene, we removed the region from the genome and monitored the effect on Sox2.” The researchers discovered that this region is required to both turn Sox2 on, and for the embryonic stem cells to maintain their characteristic appearance and ability to differentiate into all the cell types of the adult organism. “Just as deletion of the Sox2 gene causes the very early embryo to die, it is likely that an abnormality in the regulatory region would also cause early embryonic death before any of the organs have even formed,” said Mitchell. “It is possible that the formation of the loop needed to make contact with the Sox2 gene is an important final step in the process by which researchers practicing regenerative medicine can generate pluripotent cells from adult cells.” “Though the degree to which human embryonic stem cells possess this feature is not entirely clear, by understanding how another complex organism’s genome works we ultimately learn more about how our own genome works,” said Zhou. The findings are reported in the article “A Sox2 distal enhancer cluster regulates embryonic stem cell differentiation potential” published online December 15 in Genes & Development.

-30-

For more information, please contact: Jennifer Mitchell Department of Cell and Systems Biology University of Toronto 416-978-6711 (B) 416-500-6833 (C) ja.mitchell@utoronto.ca Harry Zhou Faculty of Medicine University of Toronto 647-823-8323 (C) harry.zhou@mail.utoronto.ca Sean Bettam Communications, Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto 416-946-7950 s.bettam@utoronto.ca Jessica Lewis Communications, Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto 416-978-8887 jessica.lewis@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON -- University of Toronto undergraduates Moustafa Abdalla and Caroline Leps are heading to Oxford University next year for postgraduate studies as two of Canada’s 11 students named 2015 Rhodes Scholars.

The prestigious Rhodes Scholarship program is the oldest, postgraduate award program supporting outstanding, all-round students at Oxford. Rhodes Scholars have gone on to become Pulitzer Prize winners, heads of state or government and Nobel Laureates. Among the well-known Rhodes Scholars: Bob Rae; from U of T President David Naylor; Bill Clinton; and Rachel Maddow.

“It hasn’t settled in yet. It’s really exciting. I can only imagine the kinds of opportunities I will have [at Oxford],” said Leps, currently studying global health and international relations. She will be pursuing a master's degree in comparative social policy, with aspirations to become a paediatrician working in global children’s health in low- and middle-income settings.

Abdalla, a student of Victoria College at Victoria University at U of T, is studying biochemistry and physiology and also works as a youth director at Flemingdon Park Parents Association. He plans to study computational biology and computational medicine research at Oxford, and hopes to one day contribute to the advancement of medicine through the ethical use of technology and artificial intelligence.

“We are currently developing artificial intelligence that is capable of teaching itself, and teaching other artificial intelligence,” said Abdalla. “The stock exchange is an example of computers teaching other computers how to trade stocks. We don’t realize the implications of this.”

So far, just 69 students from around the world have been awarded Rhodes Scholarships this year; however, a total of 83 scholarships are expected to be announced.

“On behalf of the U of T community, I congratulate Moustafa Abdalla and Caroline Leps on being selected Rhodes Scholars,” said President Meric Gertler. “I would also like to thank them for their example. Each has an outstanding record of multifaceted excellence, and both are determined to use their talent and learning to benefit individuals and communities, here and around the world. In this they demonstrate brilliantly the highest ideals of the University of Toronto.”

Last year, two alumnae from the U of T’s Innis College – Aliyyah Ahad and Chloe Walker – were named Rhodes Scholars. And, in 2012, the university had three Rhodes Scholars.

-30-

See the full list of Rhodes Scholars:  http://www.rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk/rhodes-scholars-elect-class-of-2015.

To arrange interviews, please contact:

Dominic Ali Media Relations Officer University of Toronto 21 King's College Circle Toronto, ON M5S 3J3 Tel: 416-978-6974 d.ali@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON -- Countries with higher levels of compassion and openness score better when it comes to environmental sustainability, says research from the University of Toronto. A new study by Jacob Hirsh, an Assistant Professor of Organizational Behaviour & Human Resource Management at the University of Toronto Mississauga's Institute for Management & Innovation, who is cross-appointed to U of T's Rotman School of Management, demonstrates that a country’s personality profile can predict its environmental sustainability records. While Prof. Hirsh’s previous work has looked at how personality traits predict an individual’s attitudes about the environment, this latest study takes the research to another level, examining how those traits play out across whole nations. "We used to think that personality only mattered for individual outcomes,” says Prof. Hirsh, “but we’re finding that population differences in personality characteristics have many large-scale consequences”. The new study examined nation-level personality traits from a database of over 12,000 people in 51 countries. National personality differences, reflecting average trait profiles of a country’s citizens, were used to predict scores on the Environmental Performance Index (EPI). The EPI, developed at Yale and Columbia Universities, ranks countries across 22 environmental indicators, including Co2 emission levels, use of renewable energy, and ecosystem management. Higher scores on the EPI, reflecting more environmentally sustainable practices, were positively correlated with national levels of two personality traits: Agreeableness, which reflects empathy and compassion, and Openness, which reflects cognitive flexibility and aesthetic appreciation. The same relationships were observed even when controlling for national differences in wealth, education, and population size. These results highlight the psychological factors that can shape a nation’s environmental policies, says Prof. Hirsh. “Not only can a person’s attitudes about the environment be predicted from his or her personality traits, but the environmental practices of entire nations can be predicted from the personality profiles of their citizens”. The paper was published in a recent issue of the Journal of Environmental Psychology. For the latest thinking on business, management and economics from the Rotman School of Management, visit www.rotman.utoronto.ca/FacultyAndResearch/NewThinking.aspx.

 -30-

For more information: Ken McGuffin Manager, Media Relations Rotman School of Management University of Toronto Voice 416.946.3818 E-mail mcguffin@rotman.utoronto.ca Follow Rotman on Twitter @rotmanschool Watch Rotman on You Tube www.youtube.com/rotmanschool  

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

Striking it rich is the American dream, a magnetic myth that has drawn millions to this nation. And yet, a countervailing message has always percolated through the culture: Money can’t buy happiness. Read more ...

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON -- A study led by University of Toronto psychology researchers has found that people who play action video games such as Call of Duty or Assassin’s Creed seem to learn a new sensorimotor skill more quickly than non-gamers do. A new sensorimotor skill, such as learning to ride a bike or typing, often requires a new pattern of coordination between vision and motor movement. With such skills, an individual generally moves from novice performance, characterized by a low degree of coordination, to expert performance, marked by a high degree of coordination.  As a result of successful sensorimotor learning, one comes to perform these tasks efficiently and perhaps even without consciously thinking about them. “We wanted to understand if chronic video game playing has an effect on sensorimotor control, that is, the coordinated function of vision and hand movement,” said graduate student Davood Gozli, who led the study with supervisor Jay Pratt. To find out, they set up two experiments. In the first, 18 gamers (those who played a first-person shooter game at least three times per week for at least two hours each time in the previous six months) and 18 non-gamers (who had little or no video game use in the past two years) performed a manual tracking task. Using a computer mouse, they were instructed to keep a small green square cursor at the centre of a white square moving target which moved in a very complicated pattern that repeated itself. The task probes sensorimotor control, because participants see the target movement and try to coordinate their hand movements with what they see. In the early stages of doing the tasks, the gamers’ performance was not significantly better than non-gamers. “This suggests that while chronically playing action video games requires constant motor control, playing these games does not give gamers a reliable initial advantage in new and unfamiliar sensorimotor tasks,” said Gozli. By the end of the experiment, all participants performed better as they learned the complex pattern of the target.  The gamers, however, were significantly more accurate in following the repetitive motion than the non-gamers.  “This is likely due to the gamers’ superior ability in learning a novel sensorimotor pattern, that is, their gaming experience enabled them to learn better than the non-gamers.” In the next experiment, the researchers wanted to test whether the superior performance of the gamers was indeed a result of learning rather than simply having better sensorimotor control. To eliminate the learning component of the experiment, they required participants to again track a moving dot, but in this case the patterns of motion changed throughout the experiment. The result this time: neither the gamers nor the non-gamers improved as time went by, confirming that learning was playing a key role and the gamers were learning better. One of the benefits of playing action games may be an enhanced ability to precisely learn the dynamics of new sensorimotor tasks.  Such skills are key, for example, in laparoscopic surgery which involves high precision manual control of remote surgery tools through a computer interface. The research was done in collaboration with Daphne Bavelier who has appointments with both the University of Geneva and the University of Rochester. Their study is published in the journal Human Movement Science. Full article: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25318081

 -30-

For more information, contact: Davood Gozli Department of Psychology University of Toronto Tel: 416-978-6587 d.ghara@gmail.com Jay Pratt Department of Psychology University of Toronto Tel: 416-978-4216 Jay.pratt@utoronto.ca Kim Luke Communications, Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto Tel: 416-978-4352 Kim.luke@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

Toronto, ON — On Friday, October 10, the University of Toronto will host a visit by His Excellency Sauli Niinistö, President of the Republic of Finland. The President will present scholarships to Finnish Studies students and participate in two separate discussions with University of Toronto experts. The first discussion, "The Future of Finnish Studies in North America”, will be moderated by Professor Emeritus Börje Vähämäki of the U of T’s Finnish Studies Program. Later that afternoon the President will discuss "Current developments in international affairs” with Prof. Janice Stein, Director of the U of T’s Munk School of Global Affairs. WHO:
  • Sauli Niinistö, President of the Republic of Finland
  • Börje Vähämäki, Professor Emeritus, Finnish Studies Program
  • Janice Stein, Director, Munk School of Global Affairs
WHEN: Friday, October 10, 2014 Event 1: Scholarship presentation and "The Future of Finnish Studies in North America” discussion in celebration of the 25th Anniversary of the U of T’s Finnish Studies program WHERE: Council Chamber, 2nd Floor, 27 King’s College Circle (MAP: https://goo.gl/maps/FH9bP) WHEN: 2:00 pm – 2:45 pm (Media must be check in by 1:45 pm) Event 2: "Current developments in international affairs” discussion. WHERE: The Vivian and David Campbell Conference Facility, Munk School of Global Affairs, 1 Devonshire Place, Toronto (MAP: https://goo.gl/maps/PhtG7) TIME: 3:00 pm (Media must be check in by 2:45 pm)

-30-

For more information, contact: Media Relations University of Toronto Tel: 416-978-6974 Media.relations@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON - A group of students in the Department of Computer Science at the University of Toronto are getting the opportunity of a lifetime. Using the vast capabilities of IBM’s Watson, the cognitive computing technology widely known for winning the 2011 Jeopardy challenge, the students will be learning to develop innovative artificial intelligence (AI)-based applications. IBM has created the IBM Watson Cognitive Computing Competition, which brings Watson into the academic realm by incorporating the technology into an undergraduate curriculum that combines computing skills with entrepreneurship, and has invited U of T’s Department of Computer Science to participate in the program. Only 10 universities have been selected to take part. The University of Toronto is the only Canadian participant among an elite group that includes Carnegie Mellon University, the University of California at Berkeley and Stanford University. “We are delighted that IBM has recognized the University of Toronto’s strength in artificial intelligence,” said Sven Dickinson, chair of the Department of Computer Science. The department was recently ranked among the top-10 computer science departments worldwide in the prestigious Shanghai Jiao Tong University’s Academic Ranking of World Universities. “Not many people gain exclusive access to this tremendous resource. This is a fantastic opportunity for our students to learn how to deliver innovative new AI-based applications to the market.” The competition will be structured as a half-year fourth-year course, in which students will work in teams that will use Watson to solve a challenging big-data problem in a chosen industry. Students will develop the skills to upload industry-relevant information into Watson’s body of knowledge and train it to provide evidence-based responses, enabling the system to learn and improve with each natural language interaction. At the same time, students will learn to think like high-tech entrepreneurs and develop effective, commercially successful business plans that solve real-world challenges, through an entrepreneurship component that includes high-profile guest lecturers. One team will be selected to go on to the Watson Challenge in Manhattan, in January 2015, where the top groups representing the 10 participating institutions will compete for a $100,000 US prize awarded to the team that creates the most insightful and articulate business proposal for the IBM Watson platform. “By putting Watson in the hands of tomorrow’s innovators, we are unleashing the creativity of the academic community into a fast-growing ecosystem of partners who are building transformative cognitive computing applications,” said Michael Rhodin, senior vice president, IBM Watson Group. “This is how we will make cognitive the new standard of computing across the globe: by inspiring all catalysts of innovation, from university campuses to start-up offices, to take Watson's capabilities and create apps that solve major challenges.”

-30-

MEDIA CONTACTS: Orbelina Cortez Computer Science University of Toronto Tel: 416-946-4098 cortez@cs.toronto.edu Kim Luke Communications, Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto Tel: 416-978-4352 kim.luke@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON — With the upcoming October 27 municipal elections taking place, political change is coming to many of Ontario’s big cities. A new paper by the University of Toronto’s Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance (IMFG) at the Munk School of Global Affairs profiles election campaigns in six of Ontario’s biggest cities -- Hamilton, London, Mississauga, Ottawa, Toronto and Windsor. For each of the six cities, a local expert has been recruited to analyze the unique economic, demographic and fiscal conditions in each city. The 17-page report looks at the major issues Ontario candidates and voters should be considering before heading to the ballot box. "There will be plenty of political intrigue in the run up to Ontario’s October 27 municipal elections,” says the paper’s editor Zachary Spicer, a post-doctoral Fellow with the IMFG. "More important for residents, however, are the critical issues on the agenda – from financial management, transit investment and renewing the local economy, to rebuilding trust in city governments that have been wracked by scandal." In the upcoming elections, the mayors of Hamilton, London, Toronto and Windsor won’t be seeking re-election. It will also be the end of an era in Mississauga, as Mayor Hazel McCallion retires after 36 years in office. The paper, "The Times They are a Changin’ (Mostly): A 2014 Election Primer for Ontario’s Biggest Cities" can be download here: http://munkschool.utoronto.ca/imfg/uploads/293/1587_imfg_no_9_modified_r6_final.pdf This is the third paper in a Pre-Election Perspectives series of reports leading up to the October 27 elections. The other reports can also be downloaded here: http://munkschool.utoronto.ca/imfg/resources/ About the Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance (IMFG) The IMFG is an academic research hub and think tank that focusses on the fiscal and governance challenges facing large cities and city-regions. It is located at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, and can be located online at www.munkschool.utoronto.ca/imfg.

-30-

Media contact: Zachary “Zac" Spicer Post-doctoral Fellow, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance Tel: 416-999-2830 zachary.spicer@utoronto.ca Enid Slack Director, Institute on Municipal Finance and Governance Tel: 416-946-0328 enid.slack@utoronto.ca Media contact for Ontario experts outside of Toronto who contributed to the paper: • Ottawa - Caroline Andrew (University of Ottawa caroline.andrew@uottawa.ca 613-562-5800 ext. 2755) • Mississauga - Tom Urbaniak (Cape Breton University tom_urbaniak@cbu.ca 902-563-1226) • London - Dr. Andrew Sancton (Western University asancton@uwo.ca 519-661-2111 ext. 82985) • Windsor - Dr. John Sutcliffe (University of Windsor sutclif@uwindsor.ca 519-253-3000 ext. 2360) • Hamilton - Dr. Peter Graefe (McMaster University graefep@mcmaster.ca 905-525-9140 ext. 27716) -END-

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON – University of Toronto Professor Emeritus Ian Hacking is a winner of the 2014 Balzan prize, an $800,000 (US) award that recognizes scholars and scientists who have distinguished themselves in their fields. One of the foremost philosophers in the world, Hacking is known for his work in the philosophy of science, medicine and psychology; the logic and history of statistics; the history of philosophy and the philosophy of language. He has written 14 books and more than 300 papers and reviews on a wide range of subjects. Hacking was the only Canadian awarded a prize this year. “It’s quite unexpected,” said Hacking about the win. He noted that the International Balzan Prize Foundation stipulates that half the prize money be used for projects involving younger researchers. “I fully approve of that. Half of the money will be given to the philosophy graduate department to support younger researchers.” “On behalf of the University of Toronto, I congratulate Professor Hacking on winning this richly-deserved award,” said U of T President Meric Gertler. “Ian Hacking is one of the great thinkers of our time. His scholarship is celebrated as both wide-ranging and profoundly insightful. We are immensely proud that he has called the University of Toronto home for so many years.” Prizes will be awarded by the president of Italy on Nov. 20. The International Balzan Prize Foundation’s aim is to promote culture, the sciences and the most meritorious initiatives in the cause of humanity, peace and fraternity among peoples throughout the world.

-30-

For more information, contact: University of Toronto Media Relations Tel: 416-978-0100 media.relations@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON -- A new study by University of Toronto and University of Tübingen researchers suggests that Islam is not as much of an impediment to liberal democracy as is often thought. “One of the key markers for a successful liberal democracy is a high degree of social tolerance,” says U of T sociologist Robert Andersen. “We wanted to see the extent to which this existed in countries with a majority of Muslims compared to Western countries.” Andersen, U of T sociologist Robert Brym and Scott Milligan of the University of Tübingen  used data from the World Values Survey – a global research project that explores people’s values and beliefs, how they change over time and what social and political impact they have.  They compared levels of racial, immigrant and religious tolerance by age, gender, education level, religiosity, economic development, economic inequality and other factors in Muslim-majority and Western countries. “We found that people living in Muslim-majority countries are on average less tolerant than people living in the West,” said Brym. “However, a significant part of the reason for this difference is that Muslim-majority countries tend to be less economically developed and more economically unequal than Western countries.” Their study also found that:
  • the most socially tolerant category of people are non-practising Muslims living in Western countries.
  • in Muslim-majority countries, there is no difference between Christians and Muslims in terms of their level of social tolerance.
  • in at least one Western country – France – Christians are less tolerant than Muslims are.
“Our findings suggest that, in Muslim-majority countries, the nature of socio-economic conditions and political regimes supports a relatively high level of social intolerance. Taking these factors into account, Islam still has a significant effect on intolerance in Muslim-majority countries, but that is largely because state and religion are so tightly intertwined,” said Brym. The study, “Assessing Variation in Tolerance in 23 Muslim-Majority and Western Countries,” is published in this month’s Canadian Review of Sociology. MEDIA CONTACTS: Robert Andersen Department of Sociology University of Toronto Tel: 226-973-8275 bob.andersen@utoronto.ca Robert Brym Department of Sociology University of Toronto Tel: 416-508-6117 rbrym@chass.utoronto.ca Kim Luke Communications Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto Tel: 416-978-4352 Kim.luke@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON - A new study shows that while the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) has significantly reduced some of the toxins that contribute to smog, the city continues to violate the Canada-wide standards for ozone air pollution. Smog, which can cause or aggravate health problems such as asthma, emphysema and chronic bronchitis, is produced by a set of complex photochemical reactions involving volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen oxides and sunlight, which form ground-level ozone. Smog-forming pollutants come from many sources including automobile exhaust, power plants, factories and many consumer products, such as paint, hairspray, charcoal starter fluid and chemical solvents. In a typical urban area, at least half of the smog precursors come from cars, buses, trucks and boats. Research led by Jennifer Murphy of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Toronto has found that in the GTA between 2004 and 2012, nitrogen oxides and VOCs were reduced by at least 20 per cent between 2004 and 2012. “These reductions are in line with the city’s 2007 commitment to reducing smog precursors, and can be attributed to the implementation of pollution control measures like the Drive Clean program, and the closure of coal-fired power plants in the region,” said Murphy. Despite this good news, ozone concentrations are not following the same encouraging patterns. Canada-wide standards for ozone continued to be exceeded at all monitoring stations in the GTA. While the team noted lower ozone levels between 2008 and 2011 than in previous years, 2012 marked one of the highest recorded summer ozone concentrations as well as a large number of smog episodes. Major smog occurrences often are linked to heavy motor vehicle traffic, high temperatures, sunshine and calm winds. Weather and geography affect the location and severity of smog. Because temperature and sunlight regulates the length of time it takes for smog to form, smog can occur more quickly and be more severe on a hot, sunny day. “We are able to show that high ozone in 2012 was due to the relatively high number of sunny days that allowed ozone to be produced quickly, and low winds, that allowed the pollution to accumulate locally,” said Murphy. The team obtained the data from federal and provincial government monitoring sites throughout the GTA between 2000 and 2012.  Their study, entitled “The impacts of precursor reduction and meteorology on ground-level ozone in the Greater Toronto Area,” was published in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics on August 15, 2014. Other members of the U of T research team are Stephanie C. Pugliese, Jeffrey A. Geddes and Jonathan M. Wang. Full article: http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/8197/2014/acp-14-8197-2014.pdf

-30-

MEDIA CONTACTS: Jennifer Murphy Department of Chemistry University of Toronto Tel: 416-946-0260 jmurphy@chem.utoronto.ca Kim Luke Communications, Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto Tel: 416-978-4352 kim.luke@utoronto.ca  

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON -- NASA announced last week that the next rover, being sent to Mars in 2020, will carry seven highly sophisticated instruments to conduct unprecedented science and exploration technology investigations on the Red Planet. The instruments were selected from 58 proposals received from researchers and engineers around the world and Rebecca Ghent of the University of Toronto’s Department of Earth Sciences is on the team behind one of the carefully chosen winners: a ground-penetrating radar known as RIMFAX. The Radar Imager for Mars’ Subsurface Exploration (RIMFAX) will conduct shallow profiling of the geological structure of Martian subsurface as the rover drives along the surface. Its goals are to discover evidence of the geological processes that shaped Mars' sedimentary environment, to search for evidence of past habitable environments and to look for variations in subsurface composition. “I'm very excited to be part of this mission,” said Ghent. “The community has been talking about putting a ground-penetrating radar on a Mars rover for a long time, and I'm delighted that I get to be part of the team to do it.  I expect that it will give us something that Earth geologists take for granted, but is very rare for planetary geologists: a view into the third or vertical dimension.” Unravelling the geological history of any region on any planet requires that third dimension, because it represents time, explains Ghent. Without it, we only have a snapshot, representing a single point in time. “Ground-penetrating radar gives us the opportunity to detect things beneath the surface, and should provide a wealth of new information that will help us put the rest of the rover' s findings into perspective. The opportunity to discover the geological history is what really excites me.” Ghent’s tasks prior to launch will be to measure the electrical properties of materials that represent analogs of those that will be found on Mars so that the scientists can interpret the radar’s results. She will also participate in field testing of instrument prototypes and related data analysis. After launch and during the science phase of the mission, Ghent will be involved in science planning for the investigation, data processing and scientific analysis as well as geological interpretation of the radar data. How does one end up being part of a Mars rover mission? Ghent’s interest in the geological process on the terrestrial planets – Venus, Mercury, Earth, the Moon and Mars – began in graduate school when she was analysing radar data from the Magellan mission to Venus. She’s been involved in various missions since, including the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, which launched in 2009, and the OSIRIS REx asteroid sample return mission, scheduled for launch in 2016. The Mars 2020 mission will be based on the design of the Mars Science Laboratory rover, Curiosity, which landed on Mars almost two years ago, and is currently operating there. In addition to geological assessments of the rover's landing site, Mars 2020 hopes to determine the potential habitability of the environment and directly search for signs of ancient Martian life.

-30-

For more information, contact: Rebecca Ghent Earth Sciences University of Toronto Cell: 619-481-4321 ghentr@es.utoronto.ca Kim Luke Communications Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto Tel: 416-978-4352 kim.luke@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more. 

TORONTO, ON - The classic definition of a biological species is the ability to breed within its group, and the inability to breed outside it. A study published today in the journal PLOS Biology offers some important clues about the evolution of barriers to breeding. The vast majority of the time, mating across species is merely unsuccessful in producing offspring, though there are exceptions. Breeding a horse and a donkey, for example, may result in a live mule offspring, but mules are nearly always sterile due to genomic incompatibility between the two species. However, when researchers and lead co-authors Janice Ting at the University of Toronto (U of T) and Gavin Woodruff at the University of Maryland mated Caenorhabditis worms of different species, they found further variations on barriers. The lifespan of the female worms and their number of progeny were drastically reduced compared with females that mated with the same species. In addition, as with mules, the females that survived cross-species mating were often sterile, even if they subsequently mated with their own species. “We observed the mated females under a microscope and by using a fluorescent stain to visualize sperm in live worms, we discovered that the foreign sperm had broken through the sphincter of the worm’s uterus and invaded the ovaries,” said Ting, a PhD candidate in the Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology at U of T. There, the sperm prematurely fertilized the eggs, which were then unable to develop into viable offspring. The sperm eventually destroyed the ovaries, resulting in sterility, and then traveled farther throughout the worm’s body, resulting in tissue damage and death. “Our findings were quite surprising because females typically just select sperm from males of their own species during fertilization, an action that does not lead to long-term consequences because there is no gene flow between the species,” said Asher Cutter, associate professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at U of T and co-investigator of the study. TORONTO, ON - The results suggest the interaction between sperm and the female reproductive tract as a novel reason for failed mating in worms, noted University of Maryland co-investigator and associate professor of biology Eric Haag. “The findings may be worth investigating in other species as well, because similar coordination problems may be relevant to infertility in other organisms,” he added. The researchers believe the “killer sperm” may be the result of a divergence in the evolution of worm species’ sexual organs—in particular, the ability of sperm to physically compete with one another. When a female worm mates with multiple males, the sperm jostle each other, competing for access to the eggs. Female worms’ bodies must be able to withstand this competition to survive and produce offspring. The researchers hypothesize that the aggressiveness of the sperm and the ability of the uterus to tolerate the sperm are the same within a single species, but not across multiple species. Thus, a female from a species with less active sperm may not be able to tolerate the aggressive sperm from a different species. There is evidence for this theory. In the current study, three species of hermaphrodite worms—which produce their own sperm and fertilize their own eggs to reproduce—were especially susceptible to sterility and death when mated with males of other species. The hermaphrodite uterus may have evolved to tolerate “gentler” sperm, but not the larger, more active sperm of non-hermaphrodite species, according to the researchers. “We found that hermaphrodites can sense, and try to avoid, males of species that can harm them,” added Haag. This instance of lethal cross-species mating is of special interest to evolutionary biologists, Haag notes, because it’s unclear how the many species on earth—8.7 million, not counting bacteria, according to an estimate published in Nature—remain distinct from each other. “Punishing cross-species mating by sterility or death would be a powerful evolutionary way to maintain a species barrier,” Haag said. The research is described in a study titled “Intense Sperm-Mediated Sexual Conflict Promotes Reproductive Isolation in Caenorhabditis Nematodes“, published July 29 in PLOS Biology. It was supported by funding from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the National Institutes of Health.

 - 30 -

Note to media: Visit http://cmns.webdamdb.com/albums.php?albumId=425796 and http://youtu.be/awXkNt1wppk for images and an animation illustrating the research described here. MEDIA CONTACTS: Janice Ting Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology University of Toronto 416-978-7291 janice.ting@utoronto.ca Asher Cutter Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology University of Toronto 416-978-4602 asher.cutter@utoronto.ca Sean Bettam Communications, Faculty of Arts & Science University of Toronto 416-946-7950 s.bettam@utoronto.ca

Latest Media Releases

July 26, 2017

Four Chief Scientists Appointed to University of Toronto’s Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre

Toronto, ON – Four professors at the University of Toronto have been appointed as chief scientists at the Behavioural Economics in Action at Rotman (BEAR) Centre. The new appointees will lead research partnerships and other activities in the four areas of behavioural insights applied to consumers, citizens, organizations, and markets. BEAR is a centre at the UofT’s Rotman School of Management that combines decades of research in decision-making with empirically tested tools to facilitate behavioural change. The Centre looks at social…

July 25, 2017

How does Toronto’s Fiscal Autonomy Compare to Other International Cities?

Toronto, ON – Major cities across Canada have been asking for more fiscal autonomy so that they can “control their own destiny.” But what exactly is fiscal autonomy and why is it important? A new Perspectives Paper released today by Enid Slack, director of the Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs, attempts to answer these questions by analyzing the municipal finances of eight international cities. Local fiscal autonomy is the extent…

July 24, 2017

New Appointments Strengthen Research and Teaching Activities at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management

Toronto, ON – An expert in global health and international development and a senior finance professional with over 25 years of experience in capital markets are among the new faculty members who are joining the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management at the start of the 2017/18 academic year. The appointments help to strength the school’s research activities as well its teaching capabilities across all of the School’s pre and post experience programs. Ryann Manning joins the Rotman School as…

July 17, 2017

Machine learning meets materials discovery: Researchers from IBM, Toyota, and Citrine Informatics speak at UofT

Toronto, ON –  Machine learning and artificial intelligence are poised to revolutionize the way companies do business in the fields of healthcare, transportation, and materials research. With the launch of the new Vector Institute, Toronto is quickly becoming a hub for machine learning development. Following this momentum is a three-part limited edition CIFAR seminar series, Machine Learning for Accelerated Materials Discovery, on July 18, 24, and 25, co-hosted by the Departments of Computer Science and The Edward S. Rogers Sr.…

July 12, 2017

New book by UTM prof reveals flaws of workplace discrimination law

Toronto, ON – A new book by U of T Mississauga assistant professor of sociology Ellen Berrey explores the legal outcomes of the most common type of civil litigation in the United States—employment discrimination claims—and the limitations of the law in addressing problems of workplace inequality. In Rights on Trial: How Workplace Discrimination Law Perpetuates Inequality, American Bar Association scholars and co-authors Ellen Berrey, Robert L. Nelson and Laura Beth Nielsen provide a comprehensive analysis of employment civil rights litigation in the U.S., and…

June 29, 2017

City Hall task force says don't overhaul the system, just fix it

Toronto, ON – In the first general review of Toronto governance in over a decade, SPPG’s City Hall Task Force has released its highly anticipated report offering a practical blueprint to reform Toronto’s City Council. The report outlines six key priorities that City Council can act on immediately, without the need for provincial intervention, to make deliberation and decision making more effective, more efficient, more transparent, and more inclusive. “City Council is not functioning as well as it could, plain…

June 21, 2017

Rotman MBA Honoured with Award from Forté Foundation

Toronto, ON – A graduating student in the Full Time MBA program at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management has received the Edie Hunt Inspiration Award from the Forté Foundation. Alex Walker Turner, MBA’17, received the award which recognizes the achievements of a woman MBA student who has made significant contributions to her school or community to advance women into business leadership positions.  Turner, along with four Rotman classmates, established a new initiative, Rotman LINKS, which connects Rotman MBA…

See all news releases

Media Hotline
+1 (416) 978-0100

Email
media.relations@utoronto.ca

Social

U of T in the News

CBC: The Current | July 27, 2017

From Toronto to Addis Ababa: Life lessons from an ER doctor

Medicine’s James Maskalyk discusses the ER environment. Listen here.

New York Times | July 26, 2017

The lonely crusade of China’s human rights lawyers

Sociology’s Sida Liu comments on China’s dual-state model for legal cases. Read more. 

CNN | July 25, 2017

Your face might tell people whether you're rich or poor

Nicholas Rule of Psychology responds to the results of his study of facial expressions. Read more.